1 January – New Year’s Holiday
3 March – Liberation Day/Liberation from the Ottoman rule/ – National Holiday of Bulgaria
Easter – Velikden – Sunday and Monday according to the calendar
1 May – Labour Day
In Bulgaria Labor Day is a holiday since 1939, and is officially celebrated since 1945. The beginning of the holiday is connected to the international socialist movement during IX century, and the workers’ protests for basic social rights. Nowadays it is an official holiday and a day off. The state is not obligated with the organization of parades, like it was during the communism. The day is celebrated mainly by socialist and left-wing parties.
6 May – Gergyovden (St. George’s Day), and day of the Bulgarian Army
24 May – Sveti Sveti Kiril i Metodiy / St.St. Cyril and Metodius/ – Day of the Cyrillic Alphabet and Bulgarian Education and Culture
On this day the Bulgarians celebrate the creation of the Slavonic alphabet and script from the holy brothers Kiril and Metodiy.
The holiday is not only a celebration of the Slavonic script and culture, but is also a celebration of the headway, the defending of original values, a celebration of the human spirit.
Nowhere else in the world there’s such a holiday. In the past the fete was celebrated mainly as a church holiday, and during the National Bulgarian Revival became a school holiday for glorification of the alphabet, written by Kiril and Metodiy. Now it is an official day off for the schools, accompanied with parades, many cultural events and a lot of flowers for the teachers as a sign of gratitude for their endeavour of keeping the Bulgarian spirit alive.
6 September – Unification Day – unification of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia
The Unification of Bulgaria was the act of the actual unification of Bulgaria Principality with Eastern Rumelia in the autumn of 1885. It was coordinated of the Bulgarian Secret Revolutionary Committee (BSRC). The unification became a fact after several rebellions in different towns in Eastern Roumelia followed by military take-over patronized by price Alexandar I. After the unification Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia had joint government, a parliament, administration and army. It provoked Russia’s disapproval and with its support several days later 2nd November 1885 Serbia assaulted Bulgaria. After 3 days of combats near Slivnitsa on 7th November the Bulgarian army won the battles. On 19th February 1886 in Bucharest was signed the treaty which restored the pre-war borderlines with Serbia. By this treaty the unification received an international recognition.
22 September – Independence Day /Independence from the Ottoman Empire/
On 22nd of September in 1908 in the “St. 40 Martyrs” church in Veliko Tarnovo was proclaimed the independence of the Republic of Bulgaria from the vassalage of the Ottoman Empire. The announcement was a political act organized from Aleskandar Malinov’s government which was an important step for the international prestige of Bulgaria and its equal status to the rest European countries.
24,25,26 December – Koleda – Christmas Days