Each region in Bulgaria is known for its own style of decoration and color combinations but typical features for all the country are the geometrical figures and the prevalence of the red. All the blankets, sheets and dresses were hand made of wool, cotton, linen. After the fabrics had been woven, the clothes were decorated and embroidered by hand. The threads could be woolen, cotton or silk. Read more
Education in Bulgaria is mainly supported by the state through the Ministry of Education and Science.
In the last years there are many private schools established who compete successfully with state schools but they are still not affordable for everyone.
School education is compulsory for children from seven to sixteen years of age.
The main types of secondary schools are: general educational, vocational, language schools and foreign schools. Read more
The earliest Bulgarian literature was written in Old Bulgarian or Old Church Slavonic language which was later introduced into Russia and Serbia. Most of these writings, produced between the 9th and 14th centuries, consisted of historical chronicles and religious works.
During the Turkish domination (1396-1878) Bulgarian literature almost ceased to exist. The 19th century marked The Revival in the history of Bulgaria including the literature. It had its origin still in 1762 in the works of the monk Paisiy Hilendarski “History of the Slavic-Bulgarians”. Later began the establishment of Bulgarian schools, publication of Bulgarian grammars and other educational works, that played a great part in developing of a new Bulgarian literature.
Most Bulgarian writers in this period were concerned with social and political problems and mainly the struggle for national independence. Among the best known are Hristo Botev and Ivan Vazov. Other important writers of this period were Stoyan Mihaylovski, Dobri Voynikov, Lyuben Karavelov, Zahari Stoyanov, Aleko Konstantinov.
In the post-liberation period, the Bulgarian writers increasingly began to emphasize on the form, style and harmony of the language. Important writers of this period are the short-story writers Elin Pelin and Yordan Yovkov; the poets Peyo Yavorov, Kiril Hristov and many others.
The Bulgarian literature after 1940 is strong affected by the Soviet socialist literature but despite this influence it certainly must be mentioned the remarkable novelists Dimitar Dimov and Dimitar Talev.
Modern authors include Yordan Radichkov, Nikolay Haytov, Nedyalko Yordanov, Viktor Paskov and ludmila Filipova whose picture features this article.
The most popular sport in Bulgaria is football (soccer). Bulgaria’s greatest success in this field is the fourth place in the 1994 World Football Championship held in the US with the participation of the well known players Hristo Stoichkov, Trifon Ivanov, Yordan Lechkov, Krassimir Balukov etc.
But the most popular in Bulgaria is Hristo Stoichkov, who earned world fame during the several seasons he spent in Spain’s team of Barcelona, and now he is a coach of National football team of Bulgaria. Lately became famous also Dimitar Berbatov who plays for Bayer Leverkusen since 2001 and the young but very successful Valeri Bojinov – player of Fiorentina.
Bulgaria is also good at the art gymnastics – a very popular sport among the Bulgarian girls. The list of World and European titles is very long. Bulgaria has remarkable athletes such as the charming Ivet Lalova and Stefka Kostadinova – the high jump world record-holder. Bulgaria has great achievements in the weight lifting, wrestling and boxing. World famous are also the tennis player Maleevi sisters.
Most of the holidays date from centuries and their roots are not clear.
They have deep relation with the everyday life of the ancient Bulgarians.
Most of the Bulgarian folk customs and holidays today have vanished but some still remain as “keepers” of the national originality. Read more