Rousse is the fifth largest city in Bulgaria with a population of around 180 000. On the map Rousse is found in the northern part of Bulgaria, on the southern bank of the Danube at 320 km from Sofia, and is the most significant Bulgarian river port.
The city emerged as a Thracian settlement that developed into the Roman military and naval centre.
Avar and Slavic raids destroyed Rousse in the 6th century. In the 13th-14th century, at the time of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom, the Romans established a fortified settlement that later strengthened its place as an important trade centre until the Ottomans concurred it in 1388.
The Ottoman rulers gave Rousse name Ruschuk and turned it into a large fortress and into important administrative centre. Read more