King Liberator Monument

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Tsar OsvoboditelThe King Liberator Monument /Pametnik Tsar Osvoboditel/ is situated on the square in front of the parliament building in Sofia. The monument was erected in honour of the Russian tsar Alexander II and his army – liberator of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule.

The 14m bronze statue was designed by the Italian artist Arnoldo Zocci who is also the author of the Columbus Monument in Buenos Aires. The tsar sits astride his horse holding the declaration of war against the Ottomans in one hand.

The pedestal is a relief composition illustrating detailed scenes from the war including the goddess of victory leading the troops, the fierce battle at Stara Zagora, the signing of the San Stefano Peace Treaty in 1878, and the first National Assembly.

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