Pottery is one of the oldest crafts of the people inhabiting the Bulgarian lands since ancient time. It was influenced by the traditions of Ancient Greece ceramics and later mixed with various Slavic decorative elements.
In the 9th and 10th centuries the Preslav ceramics were manufactured, well decorated and known until today, that have been used for many church interiors.
The main colours were green, yellow and brown.
In the 19th century there were already several major ceramics centers in Bulgaria. One of the most famous is the Troyan ceramic school. The local masters have preserved the ancient Thracian and Slavic elements in the traditional pottery, have developed them and transformed in original tradition.
The Troyan ceramic school is a unique phenomenon in the national artistic culture and is still alive today. The Troyan pottery technique consists in letting drops, in white and brown, trickle down the pot surface. The main figures are concentric circles, rosettes, crosses, flowers, animals.
Pottery covered the range from kitchen utensils – pots, baking dishes, bowls, plates, jugs. Special-purpose pottery included the wedding wine and brandy vessels, ritual bowls as well as objects connected with Christian cults.
The decoration depended on the shape and purpose of the piece. Wedding and ritual vessels had the richest decoration with multi-coloured patterns and glazing. Some of them are genuine works of art, deeply connected with the folk beliefs and traditions in Bulgaria.