St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library /Narodnata biblioteka/ is the biggest library in Bulgaria and the oldest cultural institute founded in 1878 but the present house of the library was finished in 1953.
The building is constructed in neoclassical style and the monument of the holy brothers Cyril and Methodius – the creators of the Cyrillic Alphabet – is inseparable part of it.
There are valuable collections of old manuscripts, rare printed books, academic literature in all fields of knowledge as well as a large laboratory restoration and conservation of written material.
The Bulgarian language is the earliest written Slavic language. It dates back to the creation of the old Bulgarian alphabet – Glagolitsa in 862 by the brothers Cyril and Methodius which was gradually replaced by the Cyrillic alphabet /Kirilitsa/ over the following centuries.
The most typical characteristics of the Bulgarian language are elimination of noun declension, suffixed definite article, lack of a verb infinitive and complicated verb system – there are various verb forms to express non-witnessed, retold, and doubtful action. Read more
1 January – New Year’s Holiday
3 March – Liberation Day/Liberation from the Ottoman rule/ – National Holiday of Bulgaria
Easter – Velikden – Sunday and Monday according to the calendar
1 May – Labour Day
In Bulgaria Labor Day is a holiday since 1939, and is officially celebrated since 1945. The beginning of the holiday is connected to the international socialist movement during IX century, and the workers’ protests for basic social rights. Read more
Bulgaria is a cradle and crossroad of ancient civilizations. Thracians, Romans, Slavs and Bulgars have left their mark in the past on the culture of Bulgaria contributing to a heritage that combines long history, fine literature and unique folklore.
Bulgaria is the birthplace of the Cyrillic alphabet, developed in the Preslav and Ohrid Literary Schools during the tenth century.
More than 200 million people from different countries today use the developed version of the Cyrillic alphabet, which by 1 January 2007 with Bulgaria’s accession to the European Union became its 3rd official alphabet next to the Latin alphabet. Read more