The history of Bulgaria separates into four periods: First Bulgarian Kingdom (681 – 1018 AD); Second Bulgarian Kingdom (1185 – 1396 AD); Third Bulgarian Kingdom (1878 – 1945), and newest Bulgarian history.
The First Bulgarian Kingdom
Khan Asparuh found the first Bulgarian State in 681 by as a leader of a union between the Slavs and the Proto-Bulgarians in their struggle against Byzantium. The following period between the 8th and the 10th centuries brought the political rise and territorial expansion. Read more
Bulgaria, thousand years old and spreading over only 2% of the territory of Europe has more than 30,000 historic monuments (7 of which are in the UNESCO world culture heritage list), 36 culture reserves, 160 monasteries, 330 museums and galleries.
These Bulgarian monuments are from different historic epochs: pre-historian finds, Thracian tombs, finds from the Ancient Greek times, Roman fortresses, historical monuments from the time of the First and the Second Bulgarian Kingdom, architectural and ethnographic reserves from the National Revival period. Read more