Ivan Vazov National Theatre is another of the Sofia’s emblematic buildings. The theater is named after the great Bulgarian poet and writer Ivan Vazov.
It is built in 1906-07 in the style of German neo-classicism with elements of Secession.
Along the façade six columns with beautiful capital support a large triangular pediment, decorated with mythological figures.
The twin towers on either side of the building depict the goddess Nike. The interior was restored several times but preserving the original appearance.
The main hall has two balconies and 850 seats. There are also two chamber stages – one with 150 seats and the other with 100. Read more
The earliest Bulgarian literature was written in Old Bulgarian or Old Church Slavonic language which was later introduced into Russia and Serbia. Most of these writings, produced between the 9th and 14th centuries, consisted of historical chronicles and religious works.
During the Turkish domination (1396-1878) Bulgarian literature almost ceased to exist. The 19th century marked The Revival in the history of Bulgaria including the literature. It had its origin still in 1762 in the works of the monk Paisiy Hilendarski “History of the Slavic-Bulgarians”. Later began the establishment of Bulgarian schools, publication of Bulgarian grammars and other educational works, that played a great part in developing of a new Bulgarian literature.
Most Bulgarian writers in this period were concerned with social and political problems and mainly the struggle for national independence. Among the best known are Hristo Botev and Ivan Vazov. Other important writers of this period were Stoyan Mihaylovski, Dobri Voynikov, Lyuben Karavelov, Zahari Stoyanov, Aleko Konstantinov.
In the post-liberation period, the Bulgarian writers increasingly began to emphasize on the form, style and harmony of the language. Important writers of this period are the short-story writers Elin Pelin and Yordan Yovkov; the poets Peyo Yavorov, Kiril Hristov and many others.
The Bulgarian literature after 1940 is strong affected by the Soviet socialist literature but despite this influence it certainly must be mentioned the remarkable novelists Dimitar Dimov and Dimitar Talev.
Modern authors include Yordan Radichkov, Nikolay Haytov, Nedyalko Yordanov, Viktor Paskov and ludmila Filipova whose picture features this article.
It is believed that the Kremikovtsi Monastery was founded during the reign of Tsar Ivan Alexander (1331 – 1371), but sure evidence of its existence is from the late 15th century.
In 1382, when the Ottomans conquered Sofia, the monastery was completely destroyed. The first specific statement relating to the Kremikovtsi Monastery dates back to 1493 when local nobleman helped for the reconstruction of the church.
During the Ottoman rule the monastery is an important literary and cultural center for the population of Sofia and many liturgical books have been copied there. Read more
The city of Sopot is located in the central part of Bulgaria in the foot of Stara Planina Mountain.
It is 5 km from the town of Gabrovo, 136 km from Sofia and 63 km from the town of Plovdiv. The village was founded more than three thousand years ago.
Remnants from the iron age as well as coins and tools from the Sevt II and Sevt III have been discovered all around the place. During the Middle Ages the city existed under the name Kopsis. Read more