The history of Bulgaria separates into four periods: First Bulgarian Kingdom (681 – 1018 AD); Second Bulgarian Kingdom (1185 – 1396 AD); Third Bulgarian Kingdom (1878 – 1945), and newest Bulgarian history.
The First Bulgarian Kingdom
Khan Asparuh found the first Bulgarian State in 681 by as a leader of a union between the Slavs and the Proto-Bulgarians in their struggle against Byzantium. The following period between the 8th and the 10th centuries brought the political rise and territorial expansion. Read more
The village of Arbanasi you can find at 4 km north-east of the medieval Bulgarian capital Veliko Tarnovo.
Prominent Bulgarian boyars settled here in the 13th century. Nowadays Arbanasi is an architectural reserve.
The earliest written document mentioning Arbanasi is a royal decree by the Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and dates from 1538.
In this document the sultan offers the lands of the modern localities of Arbanasi, Lyaskovets, Gorna Oryahovitsa and Dolna Oryahovitsa to his son-in-law Grand Vizier Rustem Pasha as a gift. Read more
The Kalofer Monastery of the Blessed Virgin is located in near to the town of Kalofer, 60 km north of Plovdiv.
According to a manuscript from 1863 Kalofer Nunnery of the Blessed Virgin was founded in 18th century by the monk Dorothey from Rila.
During the Turkish attacks in 1799 and in 1804 the monastery was destroyed, but in 1819 it was restored and a school for girls opened its doors here. Read more
The Monastery of the Transfiguration of Jesus Christ is located on the Yantra River, 6 km north of Veliko Tarnovo near the village of Samovodene.
The Monastery is the largest of the monasteries located around Veliko Tarnovo and the 4th largest in Bulgaria. It was founded during the Second Bulgarian Kingdom in 13-14th century.
The building of the Monastery is connected with the personality of the second wife of the Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Alexander – Sarah and their son Ivan Shishman who donated a lot of money for its reconstruction and repair. Read more