The history of Bulgaria separates into four periods: First Bulgarian Kingdom (681 – 1018 AD); Second Bulgarian Kingdom (1185 – 1396 AD); Third Bulgarian Kingdom (1878 – 1945), and newest Bulgarian history.
The First Bulgarian Kingdom
Khan Asparuh found the first Bulgarian State in 681 by as a leader of a union between the Slavs and the Proto-Bulgarians in their struggle against Byzantium. The following period between the 8th and the 10th centuries brought the political rise and territorial expansion. Read more
1 January – New Year’s Holiday
3 March – Liberation Day/Liberation from the Ottoman rule/ – National Holiday of Bulgaria
Easter – Velikden – Sunday and Monday according to the calendar
1 May – Labour Day
In Bulgaria Labor Day is a holiday since 1939, and is officially celebrated since 1945. The beginning of the holiday is connected to the international socialist movement during IX century, and the workers’ protests for basic social rights. Read more
The village of Arbanasi you can find at 4 km north-east of the medieval Bulgarian capital Veliko Tarnovo.
Prominent Bulgarian boyars settled here in the 13th century. Nowadays Arbanasi is an architectural reserve.
The earliest written document mentioning Arbanasi is a royal decree by the Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and dates from 1538.
In this document the sultan offers the lands of the modern localities of Arbanasi, Lyaskovets, Gorna Oryahovitsa and Dolna Oryahovitsa to his son-in-law Grand Vizier Rustem Pasha as a gift. Read more
Bulgaria’s mountainous terrain means that the opportunities for rock climbing are practically unlimited. The most popular areas for rock climbing in Bulgaria are:
1. Vratsa rocks – these lime rocks and rock pillars offer great possibilities for the climbers with the many difficulty levels. As a whole it resembles the area of Verdon in France. The climbing routes are well marked and secured by safety wedges. The area “Central Wall” is about 450 m high, very large, almost completely vertical and extremely challenging.
2. Rila Mountain – the climbing sites are mainly close to the Malyovitsa peak. The rocks are of solid granite, the altitude is from 2000 to 2800 meters. The height of the rock pillars is from 100 to 300 meters. The difficulty level is different. Many routes are marked but there is enough space for free attempts or new routes. The area is incredibly beautiful with its lakes, peaks and forms.
3. Pirin mountain – the altitude is like that of the Rila Mountains, but it’s forms are more sharp and alpine. The most visited climbing site is the North wall of Vihren peak where the level change is 400 m. The style of climbing is free, only some of the routes have safety wedges.
There are also other suitable areas for rock climbing in Bulgaria like at Lakatnik and close to Veliko Tarnovo limestone rocks, the granite rocks of “Kominite” in Vitosha mountain close to Sofia. They offer various possibilities for rock climbing at extreme grade, and all the routes in these areas are well equipped with bolts and rappel ways. Many rock areas in Bulgaria are still not touched by climbers, but in the near future they certainly will.
Connect to discover-bulgaria.com if you need help in finding the perfect rock climbing company of people.
The Saint Nikola’s Kapinovo Monastery is an amazing monument of the Old Bulgarian architecture and arts, lying at the foothills of the beautiful Elena part of the Balkan Range, some 18 km from Veliko Tarnovo.
Viewed from the north, it resembles a medieval citadel.